Cholesterol screening is performed by a blood test. Studies have shown that people with high cholesterol can reduce their risk for heart disease by lowering their cholesterol.
Colorectal cancer tests
- Colonoscopy. Most people (those ages 50 years and older with average risk and no symptoms) get a colonoscopy once every 10 years.
- Sigmoidoscopy. This is another option for most people and should be performed every five years.
- Fecal occult blood test. This screening tests for blood in the stool and must be performed every year.
Pap test (also called Pap smears)
Pap tests are samples of cells taken from the cervix in women to look for cellular changes indicative of cervical cancer. The Pap test is an important screening test in sexually active women younger than age 65.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
This blood test measures PSA levels, which can be elevated in the presence of prostate cancer.
Many organizations recommend mammography screening for breast cancer every one to two years after age 50. This test is done in conjunction with a clinical breast exam.
Diabetes or pre-diabetes
All adults are recommended to be screened for diabetes or pre-diabetes starting at age 45, regardless of weight. In addition, people without symptoms of diabetes should be screened if they are overweight or obese and have one or more additional diabetes risk factors.