911 warning


Return to Index


Does this describe your child's symptoms?


  • Questions about teething, the normal process of new primary teeth working their way through the gums

  • Teeth come in between 6 and 24 months of age

  • Caution: At least one tooth should be visible before using this topic


  • Main symptoms are increased saliva, drooling and desire to chew on things.

  • Occasional symptoms: mild gum pain.  Usually, not enough to cause crying or interfere with sleep.

  • Does not cause fever, diarrhea, diaper rash, ill appearance or lowered resistance to infection.

  • Caution: Blaming teething for fevers can lead to a delayed diagnosis of ear infections, urinary tract infections, meningitis and other infections.

  • Caution: Blaming teething for crying can lead to a delayed diagnosis of ear infections or other causes of pain.

  • There are 2 reasons for the onset of infections between 6 and 12 months of age: The loss of transplacental antibodies and the developmental milestone of chewing on everything.

If not, see these topics


When to Call Your Doctor

call now

Call Your Doctor Now (night or day) If

  • Your child looks or acts very sick

call within 24 hours

Call Your Doctor During Weekday Office Hours If

  • You think your child needs to be seen

  • You have other questions or concerns

home care

Parent Care at Home If

  • Normal teething and you don't think your child needs to be seen



  1. Reassurance:  

    • Teething is a natural process.  

    • It's harmless and it may cause a little gum pain.

    • It doesn't cause fever or crying. If present, look for another cause.

  2. Gum Massage:  

    • Find the irritated or swollen gum.  

    • Massage it with your finger for 2 minutes.  

    • Do this as often as necessary.  

    • Putting pressure on the sore gum can reduce pain.

    • Age over 12 months: You may use a piece of ice wrapped in a wet cloth to massage the gum.

  3. Teething Rings:

    • Infants massage their own sore gums by chewing on smooth, hard objects.

    • Offer a teething ring, pacifier or wet washcloth that has been chilled in the refrigerator, but not frozen in the freezer.  

    • Age over 12 months: A piece of chilled banana may help.

    • Avoid hard foods that could cause choking (e.g., raw carrots).

    • Avoid ice or popsicles that could cause frostbite of the gums.

  4. Cup Feeding:  If your infant refuses nipple feedings, use a cup, spoon or syringe temporarily.

  5. Pain Medicine: If the pain increases, give acetaminophen (e.g., Tylenol) orally for 1 day. Special teething gels are not recommended (FDA 2011). They can cause allergic reactions, choking or bluish skin.

  6. Call Your Doctor If:

    • Develops unexplained crying

    • Develops fever

    • Your child becomes worse

And remember, contact your doctor if your child develops any of the "Call Your Doctor" symptoms.

Sign up for our e-newsletter!

Get tips to help you manage your family's health, options to boost your fitness and advice to live your best life.